Lucio Fontana – A Conceptual Artist with a Contemporary Streak

Very few artists seem to be oriented naturally, or were born to be artists, others just out of hard work and nurtured skilled eventually turn out to be impeccable. From the former group of the naturally born artists is the Italian genius Lucio Fontana.

Lucio Fontana was the son of the Argentinian actress Lucia Bottini and Luigi Fontana an Italian sculpture who moved to Argentina. Unfortunately, his parents were separated in 1905 after he moved to Varese Italy for school. He continued his studies and specialized in arts, physics, math, engineering, and architecture. However, his perception of art was different than many others. He believed in the importance of art changing with its era rather than depicting past norms.

His artistic career path was not easy, but it stood both world wars and even the cold war. His passion drove him to be more resilient in producing his original pieces. He was initially trained to be a sculpture, and along the way, he rejected the concept of traditional art materials and techniques. As a result, he invented his own methods that corresponded to the changing trend of his era. Fontana had the audacity to take a massive step in reinterpreting the physical limits of art when he utilized artworks as concepts of space. In most cases of his contemporary artwork, he would use surprising gestures which created holes in the canvases to display specific spatial regions. His concept was stunning to the ordinary eye and more mesmerizing to the art enthusiasts. He created many styles in his pursuit to sever ties with traditional art making. His accomplishments and artwork had put him in the few elite groups of artists who are conceptual with a significant touch in contemporary arts. It was at the dawn of World War II when Lucio Fontana united with other artists in the attempt to devise new art forms that would come up with the rapid alteration of technological advancements. Hence, the birth of Spatialism, an art movement that revolutionized the world of art by integrated both space and time entities into an astonishing art display. This further lead to him severing his ties with traditional painting and sculpturing and focusing on the new strand he termed “spatial concepts” or Concetti Spaziale. This new concept utilizes the conversion of simple objects into three-dimensional spaces. His brilliance in artwork was manifested by creating art pieces that had holes right through the canvases, and by doing so, he reveals the unseen part of the work. This creates a whole new perspective to his artwork compared to common traditional art forms. The holes and cuts made through the canvas are called Buchi and Tagli, respectively, and are the keys to his creative brilliance as they define the idea of conceptual art. Fontana was fascinated with creating vertical layers on the canvas of his artwork to define its borders and, as a result, created a 3D perspective. He used the physics of natural light rays to cause reflection in his art by adding glass pieces to the canvases. This then gave his audience a stunning perception and experience.