Chirico Giorgio, who is also known as Giorgio de Chirico, is an Italian, born and raised in Volos Greece. His took a job at the Greek railway system as an Engineer while his mother was a woman of Nobel stature from Genoa, Italy. During his childhood, his parents noticed his talents in art and encouraged him to choose the path. He grew up to have a deep interest in Greek mythology and the influence of which perhaps propelled him in his artistic endeavors. Also, at a very young age, he was diagnosed with intestinal disorders that people believe manifested in his melancholic attitude.
He went on to become well-known in Europe at the beginning of the 20th century as he pioneered the revitalization of classicism. He came up with one of his classical paintings consisting of empty town squares while living in Paris, which many speculated, was actually a painting that portrayed Chirico’s homesickness.
The Rise of The Metaphysical Art Movement
Giorgio de Chirico collaborated with Carlo Carrà to form what was known then as the Metaphysical Art movement which unfortunately didn’t last for long. During his time in France, his work was an attraction to most of the Surrealists. However, his conservative demeanor led him to embark on a journey that developed his artworks aimed at Renaissance and Baroque. Although he had some disapprovals, protests, and critiques against his work during the time, he continued to maintain his style, which is now highly appreciated and instrumental in naming him the best Italian painter in the late 20th century.
De Chirico’s 1910 depiction of cityscapes is famous for the aura of bizarre and strange mood swings that he displayed. The art showcases haunted streets that one might experience in their dreams. His innovative approach to his art was like a theatrical set designer. This instigated critics to term his paintings as “dream writings.” Meaning to say that they are collectively distorted symbols of dreams as opposed to the so-called “dream images” of Surrealists such as Salvador Dalí.
Inspiration For His Creations Came From The Classics
Chirico’s deep love and passion for classical art have been the driving mechanism of his work. He has expressed his appreciation in German Romanticism, which gave him a fresh perspective on the classics. He maintained the idea that Greek and Roman’s classics are consistent with modern times. Thus, much of his art displays of 1910 depicted the concept of strange effects as a result of the past and present colliding. His achievement and impact came due to his rejection of innovations influenced by modern art and his choice to be realistic and frank toward displaying his work.
Chirico convinced himself that his education in art and other areas were imperative to his future work and career; thus, he resorted to nurture a very conservative attitude. Little did he know that his conservative personality would distinctly define him from his modern counterparts. All his beliefs came to light and elevated his reputation when the Surrealists of his era protested against him. It was during the early 20th century that he altered his style of artwork and ventured into more conventionally précised art forms and volumes. Along with this, he showcased a wholehearted approach to arts influenced by Renaissance and Baroque.